Experts from various fields have stressed the importance of protecting the forests to solve the water crisis in the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

They were addressing the “Lessons Learned and Way Forward” workshop at Hasina CHT Complex in Dhaka on Tuesday. 

Speaking at the workshop, Md Mashiur Rahman, Secretary, Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs, said the Chittagong Hill Tracts have favourable climate and environmental factors for restoring natural ecosystems, including forests and water bodies. 

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“However, factors such as climate change and the growing demands of the developing economy are increasing biotic pressure on the CHT forest ecosystems.”

In her remarks, Sonali Dayaratne, Deputy Resident Representative, UNDP Bangladesh, said, “Central to our mission is the elevation of conservation awareness. Through educational initiatives, outreach programs, and capacity-building endeavours, we have instilled a deep-seated understanding of the vulnerability of our ecosystems and their indispensable role within the broader fabric of life.”

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Muhammad Khan, Economic Growth Office Director, USAID Bangladesh, attended the workshop as a special guest. 

He said, “Ecosystem conservation and management is critical to ensure CHT’s long-term resilience. USAID continues to consider CHT as one of its priority regions.”

During the workshop, speakers highlighted community involvement in formulating and implementing conservation projects. The integration of local knowledge into project planning is a critical factor for achieving lasting outcomes, they said.

Government representatives and CHT institutions also examined policy landscapes and institutional frameworks necessary to maintain and expand successful participatory watershed management practices. 

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Aligning project goals with broader CHT development objectives and policies was underscored as paramount for sustained progress. 

A strategic roadmap for watershed management was also mapped out as a way forward.

Under this initiative, USAID and UNDP worked together to enhance climate and ecological security in CHT, collaborating closely with local communities to build resilient livelihoods and community-based forest management systems.

Funded by USAID and executed by UNDP Bangladesh in collaboration with its local and government partners, Chittagong Hill Tracts Watershed Co-Management Activity (CHTWCA) of Strengthening Inclusive Development in Chittagong Hill Tracts (SID-CHT) project has established itself as a pioneering project in integrated watershed co-management. 

CHTWCA was initiated in August 2013, and supported community-government co-led conservation efforts in nearly 65,000 hectares of Village Common Forests, Reserved Forest and Protected Areas. 

CHTWCA partnered with the Ministry of Chittagong Hill Tracts Affairs, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Hill District Councils, Bangladesh Forest Department, Ashika, Tahzingdong, and Trinamul.

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